Sahel markets under pressure

Author: 

Jean-Denis Crola

The people of Africa’s Sahel region are facing an increasing risk of widespread food crisis, following a series of crises over recent years which has slashed incomes, undermined livelihoods and reduced their borrowing capacity. Low rainfall, abnormally high grain prices and increased insecurity in part of the region have contributed to their vulnerability.

It is estimated that more than 18 million people are currently in a situation of food insecurity in the Sahel, where even in a good harvest year, malnutrition rates are among the highest in the world. Markets in the region are already showing signs that regional trade in agricultural produce will be unable to supply adequate quantities of food in the coming months, increasing the risk of a worsening food security situation.

Oxfam, ROPPA, RBM, APESS, POSCAO and WILDAF are calling for urgent action to support the markets of the region and to allow the people of the Sahel to access food in adequate quantities and quality in the approach to and throughout the hunger gap.

The member states, ECOWAS and the international community should:

  • In the short term, support people’s purchasing power and the functioning of regional markets (by facilitating the movement of grain within the region), while anticipating the risks of major disruption to the markets over the coming months; 
  • In the medium term, member states and ECOWAS should build capacities to regulate markets (national and regional), in particular by implementing the ECOWAS food security storage strategy.

Read more

Food crisis in Sahel

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Greece Finding Crude Oil Increasingly Hard to Come By – Wall Street Journal (blog)


Boston.com
Greece Finding Crude Oil Increasingly Hard to Come By
Wall Street Journal (blog)
A trader described people in the market as “completely reluctant” to deal with Greece, amid concerns over customers' ability to pay for oil, as rising fears that the troubled country could be forced out of the euro zone have dented sellers' confidence,
Exclusive: Glencore, Vitol keep oil flowing to GreeceReuters
Glencore and Vitol fuel Greece after Iran oil banIndependent Online
Greece: stuck between Iran and GlencoreFT Alphaville (blog)

all 1,551 news articles »

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Unemployment Insurance Weekly Claims Report

In the week ending May 26, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial claims was 383,000, an increase of 10,000 from the previous week’s revised figure of 373,000. The 4-week moving average was 374,500, an increase of 3,750 from the previous week’s revised average of 370,750.|||||||http://www.dol.gov/opa/media/press/eta/ui/eta20121072.htm

Consumption 2.0 – IEEE Spectrum

Consumption 2.0
IEEE Spectrum
That sentiment is the driving force behind a new economic model called collaborative consumption, where consumers use online or off-line tools to rent, share, and trade goods and services. Some people refer to it as Zipcar capitalism,

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State plans to step up inspections of migrant worker living conditions – Detroit Free Press

State plans to step up inspections of migrant worker living conditions
Detroit Free Press
Migrants, living in about 850 state-licensed camps, harvest $ 2.1-billion worth of fruits and vegetables in Michigan each year. They work on 38 different crops all over the state from spring through late fall, including asparagus, apples, broccoli,

and more »

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Youth use RTI on tobacco control and other development schemes – Spyghana.com


Spyghana.com
Youth use RTI on tobacco control and other development schemes
Spyghana.com
why garbage is piling up in residential colonies, why polythene is lying recklessly in Cantonment area where polythene is banned, power shortage or regular power breakdown in Indira Nagar localities, petrol price hike, child labour, stray animals,

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Fair Trade Beer Now Available in N. America

Certified Fair Trade beer is now available in N. America. Mongozo, a Belgian Pilsner being sold in Canada, contains FAIRTRADE certified bananas. As part of World Fair Trade Day at the EPIC Sustainable Living Expo, Fair Trade Vancouver offered free samples of the beer.

Fair Trade wine and spirits are already available across the U.S. and Canada.

More at Mongozo beer or Metro news article

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Open up to a transparent world

“A basic tenet of a healthy democracy is open dialogue and transparency”, Peter Fenn.  While Governments worldwide are striving to establish transparency in politics, we at Fairfood International are working to establish transparency in the food and beverage industry. With an estimated 9 billion people to feed in 2050, a transparent and fair industry is absolutely crucial, not only for consumers but for the sustenance of the companies and the people who work for them too.

But what exactly is transparency? And how can the food industry achieve this?

There is much ambiguity surrounding the word. But very simply – transparency refers to the full disclosure of information about rules, procedures and practices at all levels within food production and supply chains.

We, at Fairfood International, are concerned about  the clarity with which food and beverage companies’ present information to the public, regarding the growing, harvesting, processing, packaging, transporting, marketing, consumption and disposal of their products.

To ensure companies are responding to the concerns of people and the environment, information needs to be made readily available to the public. Particularly to those who are affected by the actions of companies, its stakeholders. Furthermore this information must be timely, relevant, accurate and complete for it to be used effectively.

In order to aid companies to achieve this and to help various stakeholders understand transparency and its various aspects, we will delve into the world of transparency and explore its various aspects. The online series will be called Open up!

In the interests of people and planet

With our ever increasing world population, industrialised agriculture has been seen as a means to provide food on a large scale, cheaply and efficiently. However, given that this food system is geared towards a production model that requires maximising efficiency by lower consumer costs and increased overall production, constantly lowering production expenses to achieve these ends often leads to societal and environmental implications. The degradation of ecosystems, (resulting in climate change is one  example) and cases of child labour and deplorable working conditions are but a few of many examples. Such examples have led to an increase in public demand for transparency in the food industry and in other industries.

We have been witness to news and various campaigns that have identified how the production of some goods has affected the welfare of animals, social justice issues and environmental concerns, and the need for food companies to change their ways.

We also see that companies that share their assessments and plan with the public and seek their views on a regular basis can be far more effective in business when they involve their stakeholders in their decision-making processes. Undoubtedly, transparency can help to stimulate active engagement of the public in the business sector; reaping rewards for everyone: stakeholders and companies alike.

An enlightened global economy

Encouraging companies, that are not already transparent, to become transparent involves a two-pronged approach: one is to focus on disclosure of data, this involves the use of an information system that makes all the data on a supply chain available to the public; and the second is education-based policies, these enable companies to understand the consequences of their actions.

Certifications and labels have been and continue to be useful in building a more sustainable economy. The use of certification and/or use of food labels for products provide consumers with an independent form of assurance about the methods used to produce a product. Rainforest Alliance, Forest Stewardship Council, Fairtrade and USDA organic certification are just some examples of a plethora of certifications and labels that are currently in use. Nonetheless, it is seen that certifications and labels have been created so that organisations and market systems are sustainable; however, certifications are not the one-stop shop to sustainability.

Throughout our series, we hope to see new business models emerge, and sustainable practices become the standard in the food and beverage industry, reflecting the requirements of a global economy that is built on the foundation of transparency.

Image: World Bank Group (CC licensed)

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